CLSS... "A Touch of CLaSS!"

Our role: repair battle damaged A-10's, get them flying fast. My ABDR Assessor job - evaluate damages, plan repairs, prioritize repairs in reverse triage - worst not first - easiest, fastest first. Some required major depot level worl, which we do. Also ABDR'd an F-16, F-4, C-130, C-5 and a few trucks and front-end loaders - Jacks of all trades! In addition the 2951st had F-111 and Supply and Transportation teams deployed in the Gulf. After the war the 2951st was deactivated and reactivated as 652nd. This site focuses on my A-10 mission, but all our teams performed the same high quality professional work.


Photo gallery of our/my time in the desert. Working on a new gallery, which should be done soon.


Summary of U.S. Air Force Battle Damages and Repairs of A-10 and one F-16 aircraft


A database and page full of information of the 6 Warhogs lost in combat during Operation Desert Storm over the deserts of Iraq


List of all A-10's participating in Operation Desert Shield/Storm by Unit, Wing, Home Base


A-10/OA-10s - 8,775 sorties, 95.7% MC mission capable rate, highest sortie rate of any USAF aircraft at 16.5% in the Gulf


A-10 paint schemes and themes on noses, doors and nose wheelwell gear doors during Operation Desert Storm
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SSgt John Blessinger
Capt Douglas Bradt
SMSgt Paul Buege
Capt Thomas Caldwell
SSgt John Campisi
Capt Michael Chinburg
Sgt Barry Clark
Capt Dale Cormier
Capt Paul Eichenlaub II
Capt Arthur Galvan
Capt William Grimm
SSgt Timothy Harrison
1Lt Eric Hedeen
Sgt Leroy Hein Jr
Maj Barry Henderson
TSgt Robert Hodges
LtCol Donnie Holland
Maj Peter Hook
SSgt Damon Kanuha
Maj Thomas Koritz
MSgt James May II
A1C Rocky Nelson
SSgt John Oelschlager
Capt Jeffry Olson
1Lt Patrick Olson [A-10 Pilot]
Capt Stephen Phillis [A-10 Pilot]
SrA Ramono Poole
Capt James Poulet
Capt Fredrick Reid
SSgt Mark Schmauss
LtCol Stephen Schramm
Capt Dixon WaIters Jr
Maj Paul Weaver


Jan 2001 LtCol Paul Johnson, pilot of severely battle damaged 664 and one of two Air Force Crosses awarded during Desert Storm, assumed command of 75 FS, 23 FG
video library VIDEO LIBRARY
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Col Bob Efferson, Commander 926 TFG brings battle damaged A-10 76-0450 riddled with 378 holes back to Al Jouf 31 Jan 1991. Two weeks later it was brought back to MOB KFIA and used as a CANN bird.
This is the actual video of the same incident above as it was shot without the TV twist to it.
A-10s in combat tearing up Iraqi armor in Direct air support for the 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored Div on 27 Feb 1991. Sergeant Dale Bartlett, USMC, films and narrates. Listen for the brrrrrrbbbbbb of the 30MM Cannon a second or 2 after the white smoke exits the aircraft during the strafing runs.

The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II "Warthog" is the only aircraft in United States Air Force (USAF) history designed specifically for the close air support mission. It was designed to survive in an intense anti-aircraft environment including anti-aircraft guns, radar-guided and infrared missiles and absorb battle damage and keep flying. In fact, the A-10 is probably the most difficult plane ever built to shoot down due to its extreme maneuverability, self-sealing fuel tanks, wide separated jet engines on top of the fuselage, twin vertical tails, multiple independent hydraulic systems, manual backup flight control system and redundant wing spars.

A total of 165 of these most recognizable and feared aircraft from 5 different units participated in Operation Desert Storm. All units were formalized under the 354th Provisional Wing with 144 aircraft at a time. The remaining aircraft above those 144 were replacements standing by at an off-site location to replace aircraft damaged beyond continued combat status or aircraft destroyed.

Together, these A-10 and OA-10 aircraft conducted 8,775 sorties maintaining a 95.7% mission capable rate, 5% above A-10 peace-time rates, had the highest sortie rate of any USAF aircraft at 16.5% of all sorties in the Gulf.

Pilots often flew up to three missions per day with A-10's accounted for destroying 1/4 of Iraq's entire arsenal. Often exposed to withering anti-aircraft fire and surface-to-air missile threats the slow, highly maneuverable A-10's incurred extensive combat battle damage during Desert Storm.  A total of six A-10s were lost: five in combat action, another destroyed attempting to land at KKMC Forward Operating Location #1 after being badly battle damaged durng combat. Nearly twenty more sustained significant battle damage and many others incurred minor damage. The A-10 had lower losses-to-missions rate than the F16, F-15E, or Tornado,

Roughly half the total A-10 force, about 70, supporting Desert Storm suffered some type of damage.

The A-10 'Warthog' was the most heavily damaged aircraft of the campaign due to it's low and slow flying mission.
Complete list of all Damaged A-10s of Desert Storm
They would circle areas making them extremely vulnerable to ground fire and surface to air missiles.  Due to the severe damage, a couple of aircraft listed below didn't come home with us. We stripped'm of parts and buried them in the Saudi desert. The rest were repaired, some more than once, and sent back to action.

Some of the repairs were major depot level repairs, such as Center Wing splits and Outer Wing replacements not thought possible in the field.

The 2951st CLSS proved they were possible... and successful!

Summary of Gulf Conflict U.S. Air Force A-10 Battle Damage and Repair
  ACFT Tail # Incident Date Unit Severity Description of Damage Repair Time Event #
1. A‑10 76‑0450 31-Jan-91 926TFG Damaged Vert tail, horz tail, aft fuselage, both wings, left engine cowling. 2 weeks to recover to MOB and then cannibalized E‑18
2. A‑10 76‑0540 31-Jan-91 23TASS Damaged Major damage to vertical and horizontal stabs when struck by surface-to-air missile.  Remainder of war,one-time flight to McClellan, stripped of parts and put on display Unknown
3. OA‑10 76‑0543 19-Feb-91 23TASS Lost F-39
4. A‑10 76‑0547 31-Jan-91 23TASS Damaged Flack damage on left windscreen. 30 m/h est E‑19
5. OA‑10 77‑0197 27-Feb-91 23TASS Lost Unknown
6. A‑10 77‑0255 5-Feb-91 354TFW Damaged Large holes left wing, left engine, right tail. 4‑5 days, 174.5 m/h est F‑36
7. A‑10 77‑0268 31-Jan-91 926TFW Damaged Shrapnel damage in left cockpit area, rt engine, 37MM AAA. about 79 m/h (est), no data on when completed F‑32
8. A‑10 78‑0675 2-Feb-91 354TFW Damaged Wing fence and pylon damage. Speedtape, 1.8 m/h est F‑35
9. A‑10 78‑0686 31-Jan-91 354TFW Damaged  8" gouge in vert stab. 2 m/h (est) F‑31
10. A‑10 78‑0715 29-Jan-91 354TFW Damaged #5 Pylon broke off, couple of small holes in engine and stab. 0.30 m/h (est) E‑16
11. A‑10 78‑0715 1-Feb-91 354TFW Damaged Minor flak damage left engine inlet wing. Speed tape‑‑flying next morning, 1.0 hour to repair F‑33
12. A‑10 78‑0722 15-Feb-91 354TFW Lost F-37
13. A‑10 79‑0130 15-Feb-91 354TFW Lost F-38
14. A‑10 79‑0181 22-Feb-91 23TFW Lost F-29
15. A‑10 79‑0182 23-Jan-91 23TFW Damaged Left leading edge wing, 5‑6 dime size punctures. 0.25 m/h (est) on AFT0 97 using speed tape E‑12
16. A‑10 79‑0206 11-Feb-91 23TFW Damaged Rt engine F.O.D, shrapnel. 13.5 m/h, system 23 only F‑28
17. A‑10 79‑0248 2-Feb-91 23TFW Lost F‑34
18. A‑10 80‑0186 1-Feb-91 23TFW Damaged Front windscreen below HUD. R&R front windscreen, 24‑hour cure E‑20
19. A‑10 80‑0186 15-Feb-91 23TFW Damaged Hits both rudders, right elevator gone. 11 days‑2 weeks, 139 m/h F‑23
20. A‑10 81‑0964 17-Jan-91 10TFW Damaged Hole left wing leading edge, also in mid spar web. 5 m/h est E‑5
21. A‑10 82‑0664 17-Jan-91 354TFW Damaged Small calibre holes, 2 severed hydraulic lines, front spar web damage. Pilot interview indicates overnight fix, 2 m/h est on AFTO 97 E‑4
22. A‑10 82‑0664 28-Jan-91 354TFW Damaged Holes in honeycomb, left elevator, and left horizontal stab. 0.5 m/h F‑25
23. A‑10 82‑0664 6-Feb-91 354TFW Damaged Struck between Station 9 and right gear pod, hydraulics lost. no data F‑24
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